foolsblood: art history meme: 3/8 artists Sandro Botticelli…


Portrait of a Young Man, c.1480-1485


The Trials of Moses, c.1481-1482


The Temptations of Christ, c.1481-1482


Adoration of the Magi, c.1475


Spring (Primavera), c.1482


Portrait of a Young Woman, c.1482


Calumny of Apelles, c.1495


The Birth of Venus, c.1485

foolsblood:

art history meme: 3/8 artists

Sandro Botticelli (1445 – 1510)

In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli and other prominent Florentine and Umbrian artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. The iconological program was the supremacy of the Papacy. Sandro’s contribution included the Temptations of Christ, the Punishment of the Rebels and Trial of Moses. He returned to Florence, and “being of a sophistical turn of mind, he there wrote a commentary on a portion of Dante and illustrated the Inferno which he printed, spending much time over it, and this abstention from work led to serious disorders in his living.” Thus Vasari characterized the first printed Dante (1481) with Botticelli’s decorations; he could not imagine that the new art of printing might occupy an artist. The masterpieces Primavera (c. 1482) and The Birth of Venus (c. 1485) were both seen by Vasari at the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici at Castello in the mid-16th century, and until recently, it was assumed that both works were painted specifically for the villa. Recent scholarship suggests otherwise: the Primavera was painted for Lorenzo’s townhouse in Florence, and The Birth of Venus was commissioned by someone else for a different site. By 1499, both had been installed at Castello.

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